What is Amylase?
Amylase is an enzyme that helps digest carbohydrates. It is produced mainly in the pancreas and the glands that make saliva.
Most people who study health understand the function of amylase converting carbohydrates into nutrients to feed the brain and other parts of the body. A lesser known fact, however, is how TumorX Enzymes are able to communicate with the surrounding cells, distinguishing and differentiating between healthy cells and cancerous cells. This distinguishing ability is a key to the TumorX Enzyme Protocols.
Tumorx Total Digest Amylase enzyme is a substitute for TumorX Formula 303X… in fact it is the same formula just in a smaller capsule. One capsule of TumorX Formula 303X equals 3 capsules of Amylase enzyme.
- Structure and Function:
- Low Amylase
- High Amylase
Structure and Function:
Amylase is an enzyme produced by the exocrine glands with ability to cleave 1,4-glucose linkages. Amylase breaks down starch into maltose and limits dextrans. Alpha amylase is found in animals and requires calcium and chloride ions for activity. There are at least 2 amylase isoenzymes, S (salivary, 1) and P (pancreatic, 2). It is a lyase (1,4-glucanglucanohydrolase). MW 45,000. EC 188.8.131.52
What enzymes need; Enzyme cofactors:
1. A coenzyme - a non-protein organic substance which is able to be split (dialyzable), temperature stable (thermostable) and loosely attached to the protein part.
2. A prosthetic group - an organic substance which is dialyzable and thermostable which is firmly attached to the protein or apoenzyme portion. In other words an enzyme that is able to convert into other types of enzymes depending on the substrates.
3. A metal-ion-activator - these include potassium (K+), Iron (Fe++, Fe+++), copper (Cu++), cobalt (Co++), zinc (Zn++), Manganese (Mn++), Magnesium (Mg++), Calcium (Ca++), and Molybdenum (Mo+++).
Decreased amylase levels may indicate:
- Damage to the pancreas
- Kidney disease
- Pancreatic cancer
- Toxemia of pregnanc
High levels of serum amylase may be found in:
- Cancer of the pancreas, ovaries, or lungs
- Gallbladder attack resulting from disease
- Pancreatic or bile duct obstruction
- Perforated ulcer
- Tubal pregnancy (may be ruptured)
- Viral gastroenteritis
- Acute pancreatitis - may reach very high levels, elevated in 80% of cases within 24 hours- usually greater than 3 times the upper reference limit
- Chronic pancreatitis – usually lower levels than acute pancreatitis
- Mumps, parotitis and other salivary gland disorders
- Perforated gastric ulcer - presumably by gastric acid causing inflammation of the pancreas
- Abdominal Aortic Aneurism (AAA)
- Intestinal obstruction – by escape from expanded bowel wall into blood stream
- Peritonitis – due to direct inflammation of the pancreas
- Tubo-ovarian abscess - from amylase in fallopian tube
- Pancreatic pseudocyst - persistently increased levels seen after attack of acute pancreatitis
- Blunt abdominal trauma
- After ERCP – may occur transiently in up to 25% of cases
- Drugs, e.g., morphine (close sphincter of Oddie) - increase usually <3x upper limit of normal
- Chronic alcoholism - often salivary in origin
- Diabetic keto-acidosis – does not usually indicate pancreatitis.
Total Digest Amylase Enzyme is able to destroy cancerous cells piece-by-piece and bit-by-bit. The life saving action begins once a cancerous cell is detected. The very first part of the cell to be destroyed is the fibrin. The fibrin is composed of carbohydrates connected to a protein. These carbohydrates form a protective canopy that engulfs the cell and allows the cancerous cell to communicate with adjacent cells.
As old healthy cells die, over time new cells are put into place. If the cancer cell is not destroyed at this point the new un-coded cell gets the function code from the cancerous cell, creating a new cancer cell. One of the overwhelming problems is that cancer cells never die on their own. It is believed that only 5-10 percent of enzymes produced by the body are needed for digestion, the rest of the enzymes migrate into the body.
Physiology: Amylase is produced in the pancreas and salivary glands and to a lesser extent the fallopian tubes. Very little is present in other organs. From the pancreas amylase is secreted via the pancreatic- and then common- bile ducts into the duodenum where it plays an important role in digestion of complex carbohydrates. In normal plasma about 40% of circulating amylase is of pancreatic origin, the rest comes from the salivary glands.
Specificity of Enzymes
One of the properties of enzymes which makes them so important as diagnostic and research tools is the specificity they exhibit relative to the reactions they catalyze. A few enzymes exhibit absolute specificity; that is, they will catalyze only one particular reaction. Other enzymes will be specific for a particular type of chemical bond or functional group. In general, there are four distinct types of specificity.